Fleas are parasites that feed on the blood of their hosts and can cause skin irritation, discomfort and sometimes even anemia in extreme cases. Although fleas are commonly associated with other animals such as cats and dogs, humans can also become hosts to these pests. In this article, we will explore what comprises a flea infestation, symptoms to look out for, ways to prevent them as well as how to get rid of them should they invade your home.
What is a Flea Infestation?
A flea infestation is a condition when fleas, the ectoparasites of animals, especially those of family pets, become numerous in the environment. Flea infestation can occur in the home, yard, or other places where the fleas have habitats, such as kennels, barns, and the like. There are two main species of fleas that affect humans, the cat flea and the dog flea.
The Cat Flea
The cat flea is the most common flea species found infesting humans. They are typically dark brown to a dark red color and can range from 2-5 mm in length. These types of fleas are typically found on cats and dogs, but can be found on other types of animals as well. They can feed off of humans, however, they will most likely prefer the blood of their initial host animal.
The Dog Flea
Dog fleas, on the other hand, are typically dark grey to a dark black color and measure from 2-4mm in length. These fleas are commonly found on dogs, but can also be found on other types of animals as well as humans. They are also opportunistic feeders, so they will feed off of whatever host they come in contact with.
Signs Of Flea Infestation On Humans
The main symptom of a flea infestation on humans is small bite marks or areas of itching or irritation on the skin. Fleas bite the skin and inject saliva into the wound, which can cause an allergic reaction in some people. This can lead to redness and the creation of bumps and welts on the skin, which can be extremely irritating and uncomfortable for the person. This reaction is likened to a severe mosquito bite.
In some more severe cases, the person may experience what is known as flea allergy dermatitis. This is when the person experiences an allergic reaction to the flea saliva, and the area that was bitten may become incredibly itchy and red. In extreme cases, the person may even develop anemia due to the large number of flea bites and the loss of blood.
Methods Of Prevention
The best way to prevent human infestations of fleas is to keep your home clean, vacuum frequently, and wash pet bedding regularly. If pets are present in the home, they should also be treated regularly with flea control products or carefully monitored for signs of fleas. In addition to this, it is also recommended to keep your yard and outdoor space well-maintained with lawn care and trimming of any nearby vegetation.
How to Rid the Inflestation?
If a flea infestation is found to be present in the home, then the first step to get rid of them is to vacuum all carpets, curtains, rugs, and furniture, as well as any other areas where fleas may be found. This should be done frequently, as well as the routine cleaning of pet bedding and vacuuming of pet sleeping areas.
If the infestation is still present after vacuuming and cleaning, then insecticides and other non-chemical treatments can be used in order to safely and effectively eradicate the fleas. However, if DIY methods are not effective, then it may be necessary to contact a professional pest control service.
People Also Ask
How do I know if I have fleas?
Flea bites are usually the main indicator of a flea infestation. Bites may be small and itchy and cause redness and bumps.
Can fleas live on humans without pets?
Yes, fleas can live on humans and can even lay eggs without the presence of a pet.
What happens if you don’t get rid of fleas?
If fleas are not properly treated and eradicated, then an infestation can become more severe and cause more discomfort. This can lead to further skin irritation, itching and even anemia in extreme cases.
How do you keep fleas from biting you?
To keep fleas from biting you, it is important to keep your home clean and maintain proper hygiene. Additionally, pets should be monitored and treated regularly for any flea activity.
Can fleas transmit diseases?
Yes, fleas can transmit diseases to humans through their saliva, such as Typhus and the Bubonic Plague. Therefore, it is important to take the proper precautions to prevent infestations.
Fleas, although commonly associated with other animals, can also be found on humans and cause significant discomfort. If a flea infestation is suspected, it is important to take the necessary precautions to prevent, manage, and control the fleas. It is also imperative to be aware of the signs of a flea infestation, as well as ways to rid the home of fleas in order to avoid any potential health risks.